I encourage you to sit down and read these final chapters of John (i.e. 13-21). There are many events and important concepts that I am not going to touch on. What I am going to do is pull together a number of passages from these chapters. This concatenation will be clearer if you are familiar with the surrounding text. But for now, I am going to pull them together without providing chapter and verse.
I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father, but by me. If you love me, you will keep my commandments. And I will pray the Father, and he will give you another Counselor, to be with you for ever, even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him; you know him, for he dwells with you, and will be in you. I will not leave you desolate; I will come to you. Yet a little while, and the world will see me no more, but you will see me; because I live you will live also, In that day you will know that I am in my Father, and you in me, and I in you. He who has my commandments and keeps them, he it is who loves me; and he who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I will love him and manifest myself to him. Judas, not Iscariot, said to him, Lord, how is it that you will manifest yourself to us, and not to the world? Jesus answered him, If a man loves me, he will keep my word, and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him. He who does not love me does not keep my words; and the word which you hear is not mine but the Father’s who sent me. I am the true vine. As the branch cannot bear fruit by itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in me. Apart from me you can do nothing. As the Father has loved me, so have I loved you; abide in my love. If you keep my commandments, you will abide in my love, just as I have kept my Father’s commandments and abide in his love. I have said this to you, that in me you may have peace. In the world you have tribulation; but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world. Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son that the Son may glorify you, since you have given him power over all flesh, to give eternal life to all whom you have given him. And this is eternal life, that they know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent.
The Jewish authorities arrested Jesus and tried him before the Sanhedrin. They took him to Pilate with the hope of having him crucified.
Pilate said to him, So you are a king? Jesus answered, You say that I am a king. For this I was born, and for this I have come into the world, to bear witness to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth hears my voice.
And so Jesus was crucified by the Romans with the approval of the Jewish authorities. And on the third day after his crucifixion, Jesus rose from the dead. John then states,
Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in his name [i.e. his authority or character].
The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit. (1 Cor. 15:45)
This is the picture I get reading through the passages above. Our first man was created to be a living being. The last Adam, or last man, is the quickening spirit that breathed life into man and woman in the begining. If we turn from that life, by turning from the true light that enlightens everyone, we die. If we walk in the true light, the “last Adam” breathes life into us.
The passages from John that I have quoted above are: (14:6), (14:15-24), (15:1-10), (16:33), (17:2-3), (18:37), and (20:30-31).
In my next post I will take up the question of what Jesus accomplished in his crucifixion and resurrection.